Management during and after Covid-19 Pandemic: A Descriptive Quantitative Study


  • Zafar Iqbal The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Hasnain NCBA&E Bahawalpur, Pakistan



Education Management, Health Management, Economic Management, COVID-19, GDP


The present quantitative study based on the review of literature and present management of various sector of Pakistan including the education, health and economy. As coronavirus declared as a global pandemic by WHO, the health Ministry of Pakistan prepared planes in response to coronavirus under the guideline issued by the Global Health Security Agenda. The COVID-19 started from China and spread all our world. After the identification of first case in Pakistan the infection of coronavirus spread in exponential rate and only few days reached in hounds and thousands. The infection curve remained upward at Sep 1, 2020 and became smaller horizontally from Nov 15, 2020 to Jan 15, 2021. The results indicated that COVID-19 infection reduced after the 1st Sep, 2020 due to proper public management by Pakistan. The lockdown polices of Pakistan reduced the social interaction between the public sector. After lockdown, government of Pakistan introduced the smart lock down polices. Representing comparison among the GDP% of 2019-2020 and 2020-2021. The total expenditure of Pakistan before the outbreak was 9.6% and budget deficit was only -2.3 % in July to Dec 2019. While after the outbreak the budget deficit of Pakistan reached at -8.1% and created an alarming situation in Pakistan due to the disturbance in import and export. But after proper management, Finance Ministry of Pakistan and Revenue Board offered the best budget in the past few years. The budget 2020-2021 schemes improved the total revenue of Pakistan up to 7.4% of the GDP and reduced the expenditure. In spite of coronavirus the GDP of Pakistan significantly improved with respect to last year. This data is based on the budget inauguration by the Finance Ministry of Pakistan. The above mentioned data provides the information about the health resources and trained human resources in Pakistan. The present health resources of Pakistan are not sufficient for the 212.82 million population (30). The above mentioned health resources are not sufficient for the population of Pakistan and in an emergency situation like COVID-19, the present data shows the painful condition. There is an urgent requirement of new nurses and medical students. The province Punjab has the highest capacity of beds ranging 45% among the total resources of beds in Pakistan which are 132663 including both dispensaries and public hospitals. According to the literature, only 1650 ventilators are working in Pakistan for such a huge population. The Government took a step toward the healthcare and imported 10000 ventilators from China and also started making their own ventilators in Lahore. After the complete review of the corona situation, the Education Ministry of Pakistan decided to reopen schools on 16 Sep, 2020. At that time, daily reported new cases were 400-300. But later on 26 Nov, 2020, schools were again closed by Education Ministry of Pakistan, because the daily reported new cases reached at more than 2000. The E-learning is powerful tool for achieving the educational goal during the COVID-19. All the educational institutes around world started online classes. The proper management by the Government of Pakistan to tackle the pandemic is to be admired in these difficult times.  

Author Biographies

Zafar Iqbal, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

Mphil Scholar, Institute of Business Management and Sciences, Department of Management Sciences


Muhammad Hasnain, NCBA&E Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Department of Management Sciences




How to Cite

Iqbal, Z., & Hasnain, M. (2021). Management during and after Covid-19 Pandemic: A Descriptive Quantitative Study. IRASD Journal of Management, 3(1), 46–55.